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Diving 101

Below are useful links and terms to know to help better understand the basics of diving and how dive meets are set up


Judging basics: https://www.liveabout.com/judging-and-scoring-diving-meet-1100242

Helpful Diving Terms:

  • 1 meter: Height of a diving board used in PPSL meets
  • Approach: Three or more steps forward to the end of the board before the hurdle and takeoff.
  • Degree of Difficulty: Each dive is assigned a degree of difficulty depending on the type of dive and combinations performed. The rating ranging from 1.2 to 4.1 indicating the difficulty of executing a specific dive. The “DD” is multiplied by the sum of the judges’ scores to calculate the overall score for a dive.
  • Dive Judge: Diving official who scores each dive.
  • Entry: The conclusion of a dive as a diver makes contact with the water. May be either head or feet-first. Upon entry, the body should always be near vertical in a straight position with toes pointed. In a headfirst entry, arms should be stretched above the head, in line with the body with the hands close together.
  • Free Position: A combination of straight, pike, or tuck positions, to be used in twisting dives only as listed in the DD tables.
  • Hurdle: The final segment of a diver’s approach to takeoff. Consists of a spring to the end of the board, taking off from one foot, and landing on two feet at the end of the board.
  • Pike Position: A dive position in which the body is bent at the hips, legs straight at the knees, and toes pointed. Feet should be held together, while positioning of the arms is optional.
  • Scores: Dives can be scored from 0 (lowest) up to 10 (highest) points in half point increments.
  • Springboard: An adjustable diving board that regulates “springiness,” either 1- meter (3’3") or 3-meters (9’9") above the water. The springboard projects at least five feet beyond the edge of the pool.
  • Straight Position: A dive position in which the body is straight without bending at the knees or hips, with feet together and toes pointed. Formerly called the “layout” position.
  • Takeoff: A diver’s lift from the board prior to execution of the dive. May be done from a forward (running or standing) or backward approach, or from an armstand position.
  • Tuck Position: A dive position in which the body is bent at the waist and knees, with thighs drawn to the chest and the feet kept close to the buttocks. Feet and knees should be kept together and toes should be pointed.
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